Groundcover plants are those strains clump of dense, low, by the simple management can be used to replace the grass cover, prevent water loss and soil erosion in the earth's surface, can absorb dust, purify air, eliminate noise, decrease pollution and has certain ornamental and economic value of plants. It not only includes perennial low-rise herbs, but also some of the more adaptable, low, creeping shrubs and vines. "Groundcover plants, it is to point to some have certain ornamental value, laid in the large area of bare ground or slope, and is suitable for damp forests or forest vacant land cover a variety of environments such as the ground of perennial herbaceous and low, branches and leaves densely or suppress a volt or half trailing shrubs and vines.
Lawn grass is one of the most familiar ground plants. Using the word "low" in the definition of the ground is a vague concept. And, therefore, some scholars will cover plant height standard as 1 m, and believes that some plants grow in the natural conditions, the plant height more than 1 m, however, they have the trim or seedling resistance characteristics of slow growth, through human intervention, below 1 m height control, can be also regarded as a ground cover. Foreign scholars will be highly labeled "From less than an inch to about 4 feet", From 2.5cm to 1.2 m.
1. Clover is a genus of leguminosae, which has three leaves, red and three leaves, and strawberry clover. They are characterized by three leaf blades, consisting of three leafless lobes that are formed at the tip of the petiole. The flower is the raceway, the petals are butterfly shape, consisting of flag flap, flap, keel flap, white three-leaf white, red and red or purple, and strawberry clover is white or reddish. White clover is fond of warm humid climate, the average life expectancy for seven to eight years, plant for 10 to 20 cm tall, wide adaptability, cold, frost resistance, heat resistant and drought tolerant ability stronger than red trilobites, ingeneral, damp and in waterlogged soil time and forests of the shade can grow well.
Acid resistant soil, but not suitable for saline soil, the ability to rely on the prostron and seeds to reproduce is extremely strong, the coverage effect is good. Red trilobites lived to an average of 4 to 6 years, do not overheat in the summer and winter cold areas are the most appropriate, however, the optimum temperature for growth of 15 ℃ to 25 ℃, Yin and wet resistance is strong, resistance in the alpine region of annual rainfall of 2000 mm, also can grow good, but inundated cannot exceed 10 to 15 days.
Drought-resistant and drought-tolerant, neutral and slightly acidic soil, with a pH range of 4. 7 to 9. The reaction between the red loam and the saline soil was not good. Strawberry clover is the biggest characteristic of water resistance capability is strong, even if the flooded 3 months can withstand more than white clover is more resistant to moisture, dry or salt, alkaline soil environment, but in the growth of the spring and summer than white clover.
2. Horseshoe is a perennial herb of horseshoe horseshoe. With a developed prostrating stem, the leaves are green and small, with a horseshoe shape and yellow flowers. The plant is low and the average height is only 5 to 15 cm. Warm and humid climate conditions, the adaptability is more extensive, the competitiveness and the encroachment are very strong, have certain resistance to trampling sex. But cold resistance is weak, is grown in the north of the Yangtze river region, some branches may be yellow in winter, the winter - 8 ℃ low temperature could survive safely the winter, can endure high temperature in summer. Not only has good cold resistance and excellent heat resistance, but also is very strong. It doesn't need much pruning during the whole growth season, but it's better if you can trim it properly.
3. The perennial evergreen herbs of the genus liliaceae. The top or middle of the root of the spindle is spindles, with long, slender roots. Leaves cluster in base, 10 to 30 cm long. Florescence 5 - September, flower is raceme, floret lilac, fruit is blue. The four seasons of wheat and winter are evergreen, adaptable, resistant, abundant and easy to breed. The resistance is strong, especially when growing in the wet place, the leaves are more glossy and the value of ornamental value is higher. In addition, its root is commonly used Chinese medicine, have nourishing effect, so it is a kind of good ground plant that has both ecological value and economic value.